About ABC-Nepal

Who we Are ...

Alliance for Biodiversity Conservation,Non Governmental Organisation,  is an initiation of energetic youths who are concerned and dedicated in nature conservation. It was registered legally at the CDO and SWC office on 2010.  It is a consortium of youths from diverse academic backgrounds bound together by their dream to achieve sustainable development, conserve nature and uplift the livelihood of people dependent on natural resources. 

What we want...

Our mission is to create a planet where people livelihood is sustained and natural environment is preserved .Our aim is to help in sustainable management of  natural resources, conserving the ecological processes and protecting biological diversity in all its forms.  

How we do it...

We strive to achieve our goal of creating a future where people and nature co-exist in harmony through research, awareness,
advocacy, alliance with appropriate partners and 
campaign for pressing 
environmental issues. Our major focus are:
  • Biodiversity Conservation
  • Global Change Research
  • Forest & People Livelihood 
  • Species Conservation
  • Conservation Education
  • Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Climate Change Adaptation
  • Water, Sanitation &  Health 
  • Advocacy & Campaign

 Global Change & the Himalayas 

Himalayas are not isolated when it comes to getting exposed to impacts of globalization and human induced changes mostly the climate change. ABC-Nepal focuses on research into better understanding and reporting the status and  impacts of these global changes in 6 'J' namely: Janata, Jalbyau, Jamin, Jungle,  Janawor  and jadibuti (i.e. people, Climate,Land,Forest,Wildlife and Important Plants) . 


Our recent project explored the effect of climate change on the distribution and niche dynamics of Rhododendron and Arisema spp. along an elevation gradient from 2400–4100m. in the Central Himalayan region, Manang, Nepal 


Using stratified random sampling to collect the data, adiabatic lapse rate for temperature gradient construction and generalised linear model for analysis, the study found that both herbaceous and woody species show different temperature niches and distributional responses. Our results shows that the   younger Rhododendrons  are shifting towards higher elevations compared to their respective adult life stage. This shows that global warming has led to ecological change in the Himalayas with effects such as shift in species range, that might have further consequence on the distribution and overall ecosystem of the area. Further research on different species at larger scale would help us to reach a more solid conclusion that would help conservation managers and planners to formulate and implement appropriate decisions.

 Research and Conservation of Wildlife

Birds

Research on Swamp Francolin (Francolinus gularis) was carried out in Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve. The Research was supported by Ivan Scott, member of World Pheasant Association and Biodiversity Conservation Society(BIOCOS) Nepal.

Swamp francolin is endemic to Indian sub-continent and listed as a globally threatned bird by IUCN.The bird is suspected to be in rapid decline owing to the decline in the extent and quality of its habitat. It has gone extinct from Chitwan National Park and Bardia National Park and its only population exists in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve.

The research found a total of 90 pairs of this bird in SWR using the call count method. Further research on its habitat, home range, impacts of grassland fire and climate change is recommended.



Mammals

Distribution Pattern and Conservation Threats to Red Panda (Ailurus Fulgens) was explored in GauriShankar Conservation Area along nine altitudinal transects spaced at 100m interval from  2800m to  3600m .  
This study concluded clumped type of distribution of pandas and recorded signs  in different plots which were distributed over Patheghar danda, Homajhe, and Chewerting forests. The most preferred habitat of red panda was north facing aspect having 35˚ and 50˚. Heavy livestock grazing (Chauris) and other anthropogenic disturbance (collection of timber, fodder, firewood and other forest products) were observed as major threats to Red panda in the study area. Therefore, it is necessary to initiate the use of other alternative sources of natural resources and enhance their income source to the local people for the conservation of red panda in Syama VDC of Gaurishankar Conservation Area. Awareness program related to the conservation are necessary for bringing out the positive changes in long term survival of the red panda.